Definition of ‘Mutual Fund’
An investment vehicle that is made up of a pool of funds collected from many investors for the purpose of investing in securities such as stocks, bonds, money market instruments and similar assets. Mutual funds are operated by money managers, who invest the fund’s capital and attempt to produce capital gains and income for the fund’s investors. A mutual fund’s portfolio is structured and maintained to match the investment objectives stated in its prospectus.
What do i own if i invest in mutual funds?
As an investor, you own shares of the mutual fund, not the individual securities. Mutual funds permit you to invest small amounts of money, however much you would like, but even so, you can benefit from being involved in a large pool of cash invested by other people. All shareholders share in the fund’ s gains and losses on an equal basis, proportionately to the amount they’ve invested.
What are close end funds?
A closed-end fund has a fixed number of shares outstanding and operates for a fixed duration (generally ranging from 3 to 15 years). The fund would be open for subscription only during a specified period and there is an even balance of buyers and sellers, so someone would have to be selling in order for you to be able to buy it. Closed-end funds are also listed on the stock exchange so it is traded just like other stocks on an exchange or over the counter. Usually the redemption is also specified which means that they terminate on specified dates when the investors can redeem their units.
What are open end funds?
An open-end fund is one that is available for subscription all through the year and is not listed on the stock exchanges. The majority of mutual funds are open-end funds. Investors have the flexibility to buy or sell any part of their investment at any time at a price linked to the fund’s Net Asset Value.
What are the benefits?
As an investor, you would like to get maximum returns on your investments, but you may not have the time to continuously study the stock market to keep track of them. You need a lot of time and knowledge to decide what to buy or when to sell. A lot of people take a chance and speculate, some get lucky, most don t. This is where mutual funds come in. Mutual funds offer you the advantages as Professional management, Diversification, More choice, Affordability, Tax benefits, Liquidity, Rupee-cost averaging, Transparency & Regulations.
What is Insurance?
Insurance is the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another in exchange for money. It is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent, uncertain loss. An insurer, or insurance carrier, is selling the insurance; the insured, or policyholder, is the person or entity buying the insurance policy. The amount of money to be charged for a certain amount of insurance coverage is called the premium. Risk management, the practice of appraising and controlling risk, has evolved as a discrete field of study and practice.
The transaction involves the insured assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s promise to compensate (indemnity) the insured in the case of a financial (personal) loss. The insured receives a contract, called the insurance policy, which details the conditions and circumstances under which the insured will be financially compensated.
What is Health Insurance?
Health insurance is a type of insurance that pays for medical expenses in exchange for premiums. The way it works is that you pay your monthly or annual premium and the insurance policy contracts healthcare providers and hospitals to provide benefits to its members at a discounted rate. This is how hospitals and healthcare providers get listed in your insurance provider booklet. They have agreed to provide you with healthcare at the specified cost. These costs include medical exams, drugs and treatments referred to as “covered services” in your insurance policy.
What is Life Insurance?
Life insurance (or commonly final expense insurance or life assurance, especially in the Commonwealth) is a contract between an insured (insurance policy holder) and an insurer or assurer, where the insurer promises to pay a designatedbeneficiary a sum of money (the “benefits”) in exchange for a premium, upon the death of the insured person. Depending on the contract, other events such as terminal illness or critical illness can also trigger payment. The policy holder typically pays a premium, either regularly or as one lump sum. Other expenses (such as funeral expenses) can also be included in the benefits.
Life policies are legal contracts and the terms of the contract describe the limitations of the insured events. Specific exclusions are often written into the contract to limit the liability of the insurer; common examples are claims relating to suicide, fraud, war, riot, and civil commotion.
Life-based contracts tend to fall into two major categories:
- Protection policies – designed to provide a benefit, typically a lump sum payment, in the event of specified event. A common form of a protection policy design is term insurance.
- Investmentpolicies – where the main objective is to facilitate the growth of capital by regular or single premiums.
What is General Insurance?
General insurance helps us protect ourselves and the things we value, such as our homes, our cars and our valuables, from the financial impact of risks, big and small – from fire, flood, storm and earthquake, to theft, car accidents, travel mishaps – and even from the costs of legal action against us. And we can choose the types of risks we wish to cover by choosing the right kind of policy with the features we need.
How it works?
When things go wrong it can be expensive and so, for many of these eventualities, insurance is there to take the financial risk on our behalf.
A business that provides insurance agrees to take on risks on behalf of a company or individual, in exchange for a fee. It does this by providing the business or individual concerned with an insurance contract, sometimes called a ‘policy’.
This policy will cover a person or business for many of the costs they have to meet as a result of a risk occurring and provides the policyholder with some security should the worst happen.
Definition of ‘Equity Market’
The market in which shares are issued and traded, either through exchanges or over-the-counter markets. Also known as the stock market, it is one of the most vital areas of a market economy because it gives companies access to capital and investors a slice of ownership in a company with the potential to realize gains based on its future performance.
What is the meaning of equity?
Equity is used in accounting in several ways. Often the word equity is used when referring to an ownership interest in a business. Examples include stockholders’ equity or owner’s equity.
Occasionally, equity is used to mean the combination of liabilities and owner’s equity. For example, some restate the basic accounting equation from Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity to Assets = Equities.
Equity is also used to indicate an owner’s interest in a personal asset. The owner of a $200,000 house that has an $80,000 mortgage loan is said to have $120,000 of equity in the house.
Outside of accounting, the word equity is also used to indicate fairness or justice.
How to trade in equities?
Equity trading is very simple. All you need to do is purchase shares of a company. To do so, you need a demat and an equity trading account. You will then have to link this trading account to your savings bank account to transfer money easily for the purchase of equities.
Why invest in equities?
Simple saving money and keeping it aside does not help too.
Here’s why you should invest in the stock market:
- Beat inflation:People invest to beat inflation – the increase in prices of everyday goods and services. Because of inflation, you have to keep paying extra amounts of money to purchase the same quantity of goods. As a result, you feel the need to save more to meet future expenses. Hence, you invest. This increases the value of your money through timely returns. Equity trading is one of the best ways to beat inflation.
- Better than cash:Equity trading is one of the riskiest investments. As a result, many people are afraid of stock market investments. They fear that a fall in stock market might jeopardize their financial security. However, there is an element of risk in all investments. Simply holding cash in bank accounts or keeping money aside in lockers may be considered very safe, but its low returns do not help beat inflation. Equity scores over cash as an effective long-term investment.
- Best long-term returns:Equity investments can provide excellent long-term returns, illustrated by the chart below
Why tax planning matters?
Tax planning can make a major difference in the future value of a portfolio and thus have a major impact on a person’s standard of living now and in the future. For example, if the scenario described above plays out year after year, John’s investment in Company XYZ could be worth much more (thanks to tax planning) than it would be worth if he made the same investment outside of an IRA.
Why Every Person Needs Tax Planning ?
Tax Planning is resorted to maximize the cash inflow and minimize the cash outflow. Since Tax is kind of cast, the reduction of cost shall increase the profitability. Every prudence person, to maximize the Return, shall increase the profits by resorting to a tool known as a Tax Planning.
How it works?
Tax planning entails creating portfolios or circumstances that are as tax efficient as possible. This requires investors and companies to give consideration not just to the size of their incomes or profits, but also to the nature and timing of purchases, insurance coverage and the types of investments they make. These decisions affect everything from which tax bracket an investor is in to the types of tax deductions the investor qualifies for.
Tax planning is one reason investments such as Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) are so important to many people who are saving for retirement. Assets in a traditional IRA can grow tax-free while the assets remain in the account. So, for example, if John’s IRA is invested in Company XYZstock and Company XYZ stock pays $1,000 in dividends, John does not have to pay the dividend tax that investors who held Company XYZ outside of an IRA would likely have to pay. And because he doesn’t have to take money out of the account to pay those taxes, that leftover money is now able to keep growing.
What is Tax Planning?
Logical analysis of a financial situation or plan from a tax perspective, to align financial goals with tax efficiency planning. The purpose of tax planning is to discover how to accomplish all of the other elements of a financial plan in the most tax-efficient manner possible. Tax planning thus allows the other elements of a financial plan to interact more effectively by minimizing tax liability.